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IO6           MY    COUNTRY    AND    MY    PEOPLE

hyper-sensitive or the world will go to pieces.

The working out of the Doctrine of the Golden Mean may be
illustrated in all spheres of life and knowledge. Logically no
man should get married, but practically all men should, so
Confucianism advises marriage. Logically all men should be
equal, but practically all men aren't, so Confucianism teaches
authority and obedience. Logically men and women should
not be different, but practically they are, so Confucianism
teaches the differentiation of the sexes. One philosopher,
Motse, taught the love of all men, and another, Yang Chu,
taught the love of oneself, and Mencius condemned them both,
merely saying: "Love your own parents." It was such a
sensible thing to say. One philosopher believes in repression
of the passions, and another believes in naturalistic abandon,
but Tzussu counselled moderation in all things.

Take the question of sexual passion in particular. There are
two opposite views of sexual ethics, one represented by Budd-
hism and Calvinism, which regard sex as the culmination of
sin, the natural consequence of which is asceticism. The other
extreme is naturalism which glorifies virility, of which many
a modern man is a secret follower. The conflict between these
points of view gives the modern man his so-called restlessness
of spirit. The man who tries to take a sane and healthy view
of sex as a normal human passion, like Havelock Ellis, in-
evitably veers toward the Greek view, which is the humanist
view. The Confucian position with regard to sex is that it is
a perfectly normal function, and more than that, it is connected
with the perpetuation of the family and the race. The sanest
view of sex I have encountered is that in Tehsao Paoyen^ an out-
and-out Confucianist novel, which takes special delight in
exposing the libertinism of the monks, and whose hero, a
Confucian superman, goes about persuading his bachelor
bandits and bandit girls to marry and bear children for the
glory of their ancestors. Unlike Chinp'inmei, which is devoted
to libertinism, the men and women in Tehsao Paqyen are decent
people, who make ideal husbands and wives. The only reason
why this novel is considered obscene is that the author makes
its men and women go through extremely compromising
situations. Yet the total effect is a convincing argument for